How Jim Crow Shaped America – How Stuff Works

The Political Agitator’s response: But some folk are Jim Crow sons and daughters and they are keeping him alive. Rocky Mount NC whereby the city is in 2 counties divided by the train tracks has some Special Cs along with some Some Safe Black Folk who have teamed up with some Jim Crow sons and daughters that are talking about Unity but they are trying to make the city government White Again! After reading this article then go to Timeline: Rocky Mount City Manager Rochelle Small-Toney Under Fire Via Rocky Mount Telegram and continue to follow the WSBS Movement.


Jim Crow laws mandated segregating mainly blacks from whites, right down to water fountains. THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

For the better part of a century, African Americans lived under the burden of what now are known as Jim Crow laws. This racist system of segregating people, mainly blacks from whites, infected virtually every sector of American life, and reached far beyond the South where it was best known and most cruelly practiced.

Worse yet, Jim Crow and the deep wounds it inflicted on American society are not relegated to the past tense. Its legacy is still felt, in many ways, today.

“Jim Crow was about so much more than laws,” says Stephen Berrey, a professor of American Culture at the University of Michigan and the author of “The Jim Crow Routine: Everyday Performances of Race, Civil Rights, and Segregation in Mississippi.” “It really was an all-encompassing system that involved political practices, economic practices, social practices, cultural practices. Some of that was about legal things, but some of it wasn’t.

“One of the challenges why Jim Crow often seems like it’s in the past, people tend to think that, ‘Oh, it was a few laws, and we got rid of segregation laws, and we got the Voting Rights Act, so that must have taken care of it.’

“It didn’t.”

Who was Jim Crow? (Read more)

Rocky Mount NC – Press Release: GOTV Rallies Heat Up Rocky Mount Elections

GOTV Rallies Heat Up Rocky Mount Elections

Rocky Mount, NC – Several African American leaders in Rocky Mount are standing together to shed light on local elections and expose plans to divide votes within communities of color. “Black communities in Rocky Mount are being bathed in money generated by the Republican Party locally, statewide and nationally to turn the tide of progress in our City,” stated Andre’ Knight, City Council Representative and Candidate for Re-election of Ward One. Knight, a well-known community activist, commented that “several candidates, running under the banner of Sandy Roberson, millionaire and a member of the Nash County Republican Party Executive Committee, have adopted a theme of unity, but their policies and solutions reflect anything but togetherness. For almost an entire year, Roberson supporters have flooded City Council meetings, social media and Rocky Mount Telegram letters and articles with talk of unity and love. They have opposed affordable housing initiatives in downtown Rocky Mount, opposed the construction of the Rocky Mount Event Center on the Edgecombe County side of Rocky Mount, halted the progress of a world class hotel and parking complex on the site of the Event Center by working with the State Auditor and State Treasurer, supported the dismantling of the Nash Rocky Mount School district into a county line district and attacked the appointment and leadership of hiring leaders of color in City management positions and their policies.”

Knight, joined by Rocky Mount City Council members Richard Joyner and Lois Watkins, will launch Get Out the Vote Now Rallies on Monday, September 30th from 3 pm to 5 pm at Shaq’s Parking Lot on Grand Avenue and Saturday, October 4th from 1 pm to 4 pm at Boone Street Park. Information will be shared which will shed light on what this election is about and what stakes are at risk. These Council members will be joined by area pastors and community leaders to speak to attendees about why elections are not for sale.

Lois Watkins, retiring City Council Representative for Ward 4, commented that “I am very concerned about what is happening in our City. Efforts that our City Council and City Manager have led and implemented that support and promote equity, inclusion and shared prosperity are being labeled as racist, divisive and self-promoting. For 16 years, this City Council has turned the tides of disinvestment and loss in Rocky Mount into an emerging City with opportunity for success occurring for everyone. We have done a lot and yet a lot still has to be done. That’s why we must keep this Council intact. We have beautiful and safe workforce housing today in neighborhoods that were branded as “bad,’ ‘hopeless’ and ‘dirty’. Why would anyone want to oppose our growth and development?”

Rev. Richard Joyner, City Council Representative for Ward 3, pastor and nationally celebrated CNN Hero, was appointed last year to fill an unexpired term. He added that “we build strong communities that unite our City by telling the truth about equity, access, inclusion and the historical understanding that explains why we are where we are today. We’ve got to talk about how we move forward. In this election, people of privilege are spreading money to our residents for votes to derail long-term efforts that strengthen our resilient neighborhoods. We need to support workforce housing, current economic development and continue to partner with people and organizations that have worked tirelessly to build sustainable wealth in communities and for community residents that everyone can be proud of. Our neighborhood residents have worked hard to get to where we are now and this invasion must stop.”

Reuben Blackwell, City Council Representative of Ward Two, non-profit executive and civil rights activist, added “although I won’t be here for the rallies, I completely support and endorse my fellow Council members. Rocky Mount has led change from the bottom up. Our City Council and our City team has worked with and listened to the working poor and those community members whose neighborhoods have been rife with crime and neglect. We have cleaned up blocks, funded new housing and rehab efforts, helped lower utility rates, created dynamic momentum downtown and partnered with economic development agencies to recruit and fund efforts to build industry and bring jobs into our region. We cannot afford to back up on progress. We still have alarmingly high health disparities. Our children are still trying to learn in old school buildings in Rocky Mount that the Nash County Republican leadership have intentionally not funded at appropriate levels because the schools are in Edgecombe County. But our community is beginning to wake up and our people are beginning to understand that they can create a better future for themselves and their children if they stand up to the influence of big money. And that is also why we are calling for masses of people to join us in forming an organization and movement to come together around equitable and just development principles, programs and projects.”

He added that “United Rocky Mount is a newly forming organization comprised of individuals who live in Rocky Mount and are united around fair and affordable workforce housing, equitable business development, strong and high performing schools, youth and senior programming, downtown redevelopment and sustainable economics. Join us as we work to continue to change our future and create a history that we can all be proud of.” The Get Out the Vote Now Rallies will begin at 3 pm at Shaq’s located on Grand Avenue on Monday, September 30th and at 1 pm at the Boone Street Park. The media and the public are invited to attend.

Some Black Folk Tickles The Hell Out Of Me, I Know You So Don’t Talk To Me Because I Am Going To Tell You I Ain’t The One

Some Black Folk tickles the hell out of me following Ignant Ass Candidates and The Special Cs.

These folk up here on Social Media talking about change and new when their asses have not been attending the council meetings. Tickles the hell out of me they have so damn much to say.

If you are voting for your friend and/or family member that is fine but leave out the b.s. going along with The Special Cs WSBS.

I repeat it ain’t about the Special Cs for me, it is about Ignant Ass Black Folk allowing them to come in the community and then push their agenda.

I know who you are so if you see me, don’t talk to me because when you do, I am going to say I ain’t the one so remember this message.


Rocky Mount NC – Tarrick Pittman Ward 1 Candidate Has Lied About His Addresses When He Registered At The Edgecombe County Board Of Elections

The DCN News Blog Online TV report news from folk but I will research it 1st.

This is in response to a post Samuel Battle posted on his page.

Sam Battle and anyone who wants to report something forward it but with proof.

For example Andre Knight address has been in the courts so prove the courts wrong.

I have had no reason to check Richard Joyner address and he just got appointed last year.

I have had no reason to check Bronson Williams address.

What I will say is I am acting on what Tarrick Pittman said in the newspapers about his addresses.

Sam Battle I have no problem with you challenging their addresses so work it. But I will not do your research for you.

What Sam Battle and others need to recognize and understand is I been around. I didn’t just start with Tarrick, I go back to the 90s.

I will keep posting the facts and provide the documentation.

Prove me wrong on my reporting.

Rosewood Ave


Woodland Ave


In Response to Letter to the Editor: Change good for Rocky Mount – Rocky Mount Telegram (Mary Ward)

I get so sick and tired of folk throwing out mess without making direct examples that one can truly respond to them. They do the same things they accuse others of doing. They say b.s. but when you question them they either change the narrative or go away.

Taxpayers who are residents, business owners and homeowners have a right to expect city government to make the best decisions for the greatest good of everyone, not just to benefit a cadre of individuals’ personal agendas. This is a great vision to have no matter what the reality is.

So how does these folk get to determine what is the best decisions for all of the citizens in Rocky Mount?

Who are the cadre of individuals who benefit from personal agendas?

With transparency has come revelations that a high level of accountability and credibility are questionable with our current City Council and city management.

So what is considered transparency?

So what is questionable with the current City Council and city management?

The fact that our current police force is short by at least 16 officers, some of whom have moved on to salaries that afford increases and benefits that put their standard of living above struggling, should concern everyone.

So why should everyone be concerned?

So what do you suggest is the solution for this issue?

I see this retention issue as a City Council and city management and budget issue that has nothing to do with race or ratio. City Council members are elected by the public to represent the public’s interest and secure economic climates that are stable.

So what is the retention issue?

A city is an entity of a whole and the Committee of the Whole is elected to maintain equitable distribution of improvements in all wards and recruitment of capital investments that enhance the quality of life for each citizen. The Crossing at 64 and Springfield/Raleigh boulevards has land for a motel and mixed income housing right off the highway that goes from the coast to the mountains of North Carolina. It has less intrusive noise lodgers long for because no one wants to sleep next to a railroad track that carries industrial as well as passenger trains 24 hours a day.

So when did you get to determine that the land at the Crossing at 64 and Springfield/Raleigh boulevards has land for a motel and mixed income housing? Or are you speaking from a factual source or only from the talk from the Special Cs in Rocky Mount who have mentioned what could be and what ought to be at the Crossing at 64?

So how did you come to the conclusion that the Crossing at 64 is the location that has less intrusive noise lodgers long for because no one wants to sleep next to a railroad track?

Has the Rocky Mount Planning Board recommended to City Council to pay $100,000 to hire a firm to conduct a feasibility study? With most of Edgecombe County’s city residents being people of color as well as the current City Council, it would seem an obvious and perfect location.

So you ask the question about has the Rocky Mount Planning Board made a recommendation to to City Council to pay for a feasibility study? Well hell the Planning Board meetings are open to the Public so have you attended and or questioned the Planning Board? 

So you accuse others of interjecting race in the equation but damn you are getting somewhere now when you say with most of Edgecombe County’s city residents being people of color as well as the current City Council, it would seem an obvious and perfect location. Oh hell no the the obvious and perfect location is where the proposed area has been chosen and I stand behind this even though I am not a residence of Rocky Mount. It just makes damn business sense and makes common sense.

As an African-American who has lived in Rocky Mount for 30 years, I see no fruit in throwing the idea of race out there every time there is opposition; opposition is what makes for high-level thinking processes.

As a Black man who has worked in Rocky Mount for 32 years and almost 8 months I have been actively engaged in Rocky Mount Politics.

I began voting when I turned 18 and I joined the Edgecombe County Democratic Party as a Precinct Chair around 38 years ago and I have served on the Edgecombe County Democratic Party Executive Committee as the 3rd Vice Chair, 2nd Vice Chair, 1st Vice Chair and Chair. I have been serving on the Executive Committee all of these years and continue to do so today.

Rocky Mount Elected Officials that live on the Edgecombe County are members of the Edgecombe County Democratic Party Executive Committee so that is one of the reasons why I am concerned about who will serve on the committee with me.

I joined Black Workers for Justice which consisted of Caucasians, Black and others 32 years ago. Black Workers For Justice was located right across the street from the little white church where the Rocky Mount Event Center is located. I get so damn tickled when the Special Cs say that the Knight Family moved the church to that location. 

I attended some community meetings in Rocky Mount beginning back in the late 80’s and still continue to do so.

I joined the Rocky Mount Branch NAACP 27 years ago and I am a happy Life Fully Paid Member. I have been a Vice President all of these years.

I began attending the Rocky Mount Human Relations Commission meetings back in the early 90’s and this is when I met Mr. & Mrs. William & Gardenia Hobbs as Mrs. Hobbs served on the Rocky Mount Human Relations Commission. The Hobbs became my mentors.

I began attending the Rocky Mount City Council meetings often after the city was up for the All-American City in the late 90’s early 2000’s and during that time was when the Rocky Mount Planning Board voted against Andre Knight being able to have an Adult Daycare at the Prestigious Big House he purchased on Falls Road that was previously owned by a former banker Wimberly Gregory. Andre challenged the Planning Board and the Rocky Mount City Council.

Andre Knight and Carol Batchelor along with the late Rev. Dr. Elbert Lee who was the President of the Rocky Mount Branch NAACP went to Philadelphia and challenged that the city was not ready for the All-American City because of Race Relations in Rocky Mount NC.

Since Andre Knight challenged the city becoming an All-American City, he ended up losing his job at Edgecombe Community College because the Caucasian Big Wheels Blackballed him. I told him that he College was going to fire him because he had challenged the city.

After the city fired Andre Knight his solution was to move to Edgecombe County Ward 1 because that Ward was up for election so he could get on the Council and be a voice for the folk of Rocky Mount. Hell the blackballing didn’t stop there and the Big Wheels along with Rev. Roosevelt Higgs who was Chair of the Edgecombe County Democratic Party was the chosen one the Field Negro to go after Andre Residency. He also challenged my residence and Lawrence Taylor. Andre challenge ended up going to the courts and Andre appealed it and he came out victorious. Edgecombe County ended up having to pay Andre’s attorney fees.

I served as Vice Chair of Nash Edgecombe Economic Development N.E.E.D. Inc. over 24 years ago and served for several years. I served until myself and Mr. William Hobbs who was the N.E.E.D. Treasurer and also Chair of the Nash County Democratic Party and I was also the Chair of the Edgecombe County Democratic Party. Mr. Hobbs and I were kicked off the N.E.E.D board by the Edgecombe & Edgecombe County Board of Commissioners because we were going to honor the N.E.E.D. Director’s resignation but he wanted to rescind his resignation and we along with some others said it was time for him to go. When we got kicked off some others resigned in support of us.

I joined Common Ground around 19 years ago that was founded by now Rocky Mount City Councilwoman Chris Miller and we met up until the group disbanded due to some of the members began to have to take care of aging parents and other. Common Ground consisted of training on how to deal with Race Relations in Rocky Mount. The group 1st stared out with the business community but didn’t get the participation and then it was offered to the Ministers and didn’t get the participation. When it was offered to the Community the group that participated we continued to meet for years after Chris and Andre Knight were elected to the Rocky Mount City Council in 2003.

Somewhere around 1997 Lewis Turner one of my mentors that I met with Black Workers For Justice and he traveled with me across the state to meetings, Carol Batchelor, Amanda Taylor, a few others along with Andre Knight and myself we founded the group Northeastern NC Committee on the Affairs of Black People after learning about the work of the Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People.

The group held meetings around the city dealing with Rocky Mount politics. We held meetings about the high utilities in Rocky Mount. We held a community meeting at Truth Tabernacle and we invited the Rocky Mount Utilities Commission to come address the community. During this meeting this is when our group found out about the City Electric rates were tied to the partnership with ElectriCities.

After Councilman Andre Knight took former Councilwoman Angela Bryant’s seat on the ElectriCities Board that met in Wilson NC and he fought them. I took time off work and attended some of the meetings.

Learn more about ElectriCities – The Energy Behind Public Power – ElectriCities.

Andre also had to fight on the bigger board NCEMPA Board. Click on the previous link to get more information about the fight.

You can learn more about North Carolina Eastern Municipal Power Agency (NCEMPA).

I have much family, friends and associates along with enemies in Rocky Mount.

I have put in the time, energy and resources when it comes to Rocky Mount Politics and I will challenge Black Folk, Special Cs and whomever.

I propose that we look beyond race and gender issues and begin to strategically and objectively look at what the citizens and taxpayers need from City Hall leadership.

Race has been and is the driving factor of the climate of the happenings with the Rocky Mount City Council, City Manager and Staff, Police and Fire because the City Council is a 4 –3 Black Majority, City Manager and many Department Heads are Black, Police Chief is Black and most recent just this past week the new Black Fire Chief was introduced.

Rocky Mount needs the diversity of brilliance that breathes life into all communities inside this city.

So you say you been here for 30 years so I assume you moved here. However 30 years ago the city Council was majority Caucasian, City Manager was Caucasian, the Departments head were all Caucasian, Chief of Police was white, Fire Chief was Caucasian so you question diversity back then? Oh if I am correct you retired from the Rocky Mount School System and I remember you reaching out to me about school issues years ago unless there is another Mary Ward in Rocky Mount.

I strongly disagree with Rocky Mount needs diversity of brilliance that breathes life into all communities inside the city because this council has been more transparent than any damn group since I have been attending Rocky Mount meetings.

Change is necessary to all eviate complacency. Term limits to serve on the City Council need to become policy.

It is a damn shame and an insult to me that you as a Black Female has the audacity to write this b.s. when I have been a part of the struggle and have had to fight. Let me rephrase that, I didn’t have to but because I chose to be a voice for the people, I chose to fight. It is an insult to me and those whom allow me to speak for them all I have fought for when it comes to Race Relations and Injustices in Rocky Mount and you talking about damn term limits.

Hell years ago former Attorney, former Judge and now Congressman G.K. Butterfield, former Attorney, former House of Representative, Retired Judge and now Senator Toby Fitch along with others had to fight to change the make up of the Rocky Mount City Council because they used to be At-large so in order to get Black Representation they had to go to the courts to get Wards put in place.

So this damn mess with Rocky Mount City Government is not just about Councilmen Andre Knight and Reuben Blackwell. The Special Cs have attempted to discredit our Black Leadership over the years and I have refused to be silent even when I have had to stand by myself calling these haters out.

So for the Mary E. Wards of Rocky Mount, I refuse to allow you and any others who have the mentality when it comes to Rocky Mount Politics to discredit the struggle that has gone forth and that still continues.

The problem with Rocky Mount Politics is the Special Cs are mad because they are now the majority minority. I believe the bible says that the 1st will be last and the last will be 1st. Now back in the day the population was majority Caucasian but now the population has shifted.

But although I have an issue with the Special Cs my biggest issue is with ignant Safe Black Folk who pushes the Special Cs agenda. However I recognize and understand that some folk are ignant to the facts because they don’t know the Whole Trues!

I know the history of Rocky Mount Politics over the past 32 years and I will challenge anyone and I don’t live in Rocky Mount. I have been fighting for the folk in Rocky Mount, Edgecombe County and abroad for over 32 years. I fight for those who don’t know me and that I am even fighting for them. I fight for those who love me, I fight for those who hate me because I believe the bible says forgive them, for they know not what they do.

I am for justice no matter who it is for or against!

I am have no permanent friends no permanent enemies only permanent interest!

I am Unbought and Unbossed!

I am The Watch Dog of the East!

I am The Political Agitator (Professional)

Rocky Mount NC – Connect The Dots! Follow The Mayoral Race

It it time to give Bronson Williams a chance to be mayor of Rocky Mount. He has put in the time. He has attended the Rocky Mount City Council meetings over the years. He has a good communication with current council and some of the current staff as he challenge them. In other words he attend the meetings and challenge them constructively without sending a negative message to the community where it appears he has a motive. Can’t say that about Lige Daughtridge who attend the meetings as he is running for a Ward seat.


Rocky Mount City Council Meeting Monday July 22, 2019 4:00 PM Rocky Mount Telegram (LJK)

The Rocky Mount City Council is set Monday to receive a community update, hear from the public and hold a public hearing on a proposed public-private downtown hotel and parking deck project.

City Manager Rochelle Small-Toney is scheduled to deliver her first community update. The council voted recently to receive updates from Small-Toney during regular monthly meetings.

The council also will receive petitions from the public. Anyone wishing to address the council is asked to complete the citizen sign-in sheet and hand it to a police officer, preferably prior to the beginning of the meeting but definitely prior to speaking. Presentations are limited to no more than three minutes. The time will be monitored.

For the second meeting in a row, the council will hold a public hearing relative to a proposed development agreement, ground lease and capital lease for downtown development.

No action on the part of the council is listed on the meeting’s agenda.

The council will consider a lease agreement with Sandra Taybron for . . . (Read more)