Rough justice in America

Too many laws, too many prisoners

Never in the civilized world have so many been locked up for so little

Jul 22nd 2010 | Spring, Texas

THREE pickup trucks pulled up outside George Norris’s home in Spring, Texas. Six armed police in flak jackets jumped out. Thinking they must have come to the wrong place, Mr Norris opened his front door, and was startled to be shoved against a wall and frisked for weapons. He was forced into a chair for four hours while officers ransacked his house. They pulled out drawers, rifled through papers, dumped things on the floor and eventually loaded 37 boxes of Mr Norris’s possessions onto their pickups. They refused to tell him what he had done wrong. "It wasn’t fun, I can tell you that," he recalls.

Mr Norris was 65 years old at the time, and a collector of orchids. He eventually discovered that he was suspected of smuggling the flowers into America, an offence under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. This came as a shock. He did indeed import flowers and sell them to other orchid-lovers. And it was true that his suppliers in Latin America were sometimes sloppy about their paperwork. In a shipment of many similar-looking plants, it was rare for each permit to match each orchid precisely.

In March 2004, five months after the raid, Mr Norris was indicted, handcuffed and thrown into a cell with a suspected murderer and two suspected drug-dealers. When told why he was there, "they thought it hilarious." One asked: "What do you do with these things? Smoke ’em?"

Prosecutors described Mr Norris as the "kingpin" of an international smuggling ring. He was dumbfounded: his annual profits were never more than about $20,000. When prosecutors suggested that he should inform on other smugglers in return for a lighter sentence, he refused, insisting he knew nothing beyond hearsay.

He pleaded innocent. But an undercover federal agent had ordered some orchids from him, a few of which arrived without the correct papers. For this, he was charged with making a false statement to a government official, a federal crime punishable by up to five years in prison. Since he had communicated with his suppliers, he was charged with conspiracy, which also carries a potential five-year term.

As his legal bills exploded, Mr Norris reluctantly changed his plea to guilty, though he still protests his innocence. He was sentenced to 17 months in prison. After some time, he was released while his appeal was heard, but then put back inside. His health suffered: he has Parkinson’s disease, which was not helped by the strain of imprisonment. For bringing some prescription sleeping pills into prison, he was put in solitary confinement for 71 days. The prison was so crowded, however, that even in solitary he had two room-mates.

A long love affair with lock and key

Justice is harsher in America than in any other rich country. Between 2.3m and 2.4m Americans are behind bars, roughly one in every 100 adults. If those on parole or probation are included, one adult in 31 is under "correctional" supervision. As a proportion of its total population, America incarcerates five times more people than Britain, nine times more than Germany and 12 times more than Japan. Overcrowding is the norm. Federal prisons house 60% more inmates than they were designed for. State lock-ups are only slightly less stuffed.

The system has three big flaws, say criminologists. First, it puts too many people away for too long. Second, it criminalises acts that need not be criminalised. Third, it is unpredictable. Many laws, especially federal ones, are so vaguely written that people cannot easily tell whether they have broken them.

In 1970 the proportion of Americans behind bars was below one in 400, compared with today’s one in 100. Since then, the voters, alarmed at a surge in violent crime, have demanded fiercer sentences. Politicians have obliged. New laws have removed from judges much of their discretion to set a sentence that takes full account of the circumstances of the offence. Since no politician wants to be tarred as soft on crime, such laws, mandating minimum sentences, are seldom softened. On the contrary, they tend to get harder.

Some criminals belong behind bars. When a habitual rapist is locked up, the streets are safer. But the same is not necessarily true of petty drug-dealers, whose incarceration creates a vacancy for someone else to fill, argues Alfred Blumstein of Carnegie Mellon University. The number of drug offenders in federal and state lock-ups has increased 13-fold since 1980. Some are scary thugs; many are not.

Michelle Collette of Hanover, Massachusetts, sold Percocet, a prescription painkiller. "I was planning to do it just once," she says, "but the money was so easy. And I thought: it’s not heroin." Then she became addicted to her own wares. She was unhappy with her boyfriend, she explains, but did not want to split up with him, because she did not want their child to grow up fatherless, as she had. So she popped pills to numb the misery. Before long, she was taking 20-30 a day.

When Ms Collette and her boyfriend, who also sold drugs, were arrested in a dawn raid, the police found 607 pills and $901 in cash. The boyfriend fought the charges and got 15 years in prison. In a plea bargain Ms Collette was sentenced to seven years, of which she served six.

"I don’t think this is fair," said the judge. "I don’t think this is what our laws are meant to do. It’s going to cost upwards of $50,000 a year to have you in state prison. Had I the authority, I would send you to jail for no more than one year.and a [treatment] programme after that." But mandatory sentencing laws gave him no choice.

Massachusetts is a liberal state, but its drug laws are anything but. It treats opium-derived painkillers such as Percocet like hard drugs, if illicitly sold. Possession of a tiny amount (14-28 grams, or ½-1 ounce) yields a minimum sentence of three years. For 200 grams, it is 15 years, more than the minimum for armed rape. And the weight of the other substances with which a dealer mixes his drugs is included in the total, so 10 grams of opiates mixed with 190 grams of flour gets you 15 years.

Ms Collette underwent drug treatment before being locked up, and is now clean. But in prison she found she was pregnant. After going through labour shackled to a hospital bed, she was allowed only 48 hours to bond with her newborn son. She was released in March, found a job in a shop, and is hoping that her son will get used to having her around.

Rigid sentencing laws shift power from judges to prosecutors, complains Barbara Dougan of Families Against Mandatory Minimums, a pressure-group. Even the smallest dealer often has enough to trigger a colossal sentence. Prosecutors may charge him with selling a smaller amount if he agrees to "reel some other poor slob in", as Ms Dougan puts it. He is told to persuade another dealer to sell him just enough drugs to trigger a 15-year sentence, and perhaps to do the deal near a school, which adds another two years.

Severe drug laws have unintended consequences. Less than half of American cancer patients receive adequate painkillers, according to the American Pain Foundation, another pressure-group. One reason is that doctors are terrified of being accused of drug-trafficking if they over-prescribe. In 2004 William Hurwitz, a doctor specialising in the control of pain, was sentenced to 25 years in prison for prescribing pills that a few patients then resold on the black market. Virginia’s board of medicine ruled that he had acted in good faith, but he still served nearly four years.

Half the states have laws that lock up habitual offenders for life. In some states this applies only to violent criminals, but in others it applies even to petty ones. Some 3,700 people who committed neither violent nor serious crimes are serving life sentences under California’s "three strikes and you’re out" law. In Alabama a petty thief called Jerald Sanders was given a life term for pinching a bicycle. Alabama’s judges are elected, as are those in 32 other states. This makes them mindful of public opinion: some appear in campaign advertisements waving guns and bragging about how tough they are.

Watching hairs go white, and lifetimes ebb away

Many Americans assume that white-collar criminals get off lightly, but many do not. Granted, they may be hard to catch and can often afford good lawyers. But federal prosecutors can file many charges for what is essentially one offence. For example, they can count each e-mail sent by a white-collar criminal in the course of his criminal activity as a separate case of wire fraud, each of which carries a maximum sentence of 20 years. The decades soon add up. Sentences depend partly on the size of the loss and the number of people affected, so if you work for a big, publicly traded company, you break a rule and the share-price drops, watch out.

Eternal punishment

Jim Felman, a defence lawyer in Tampa, Florida, says America is conducting "an experiment in imprisoning first-time non-violent offenders for periods of time previously reserved only for those who had killed someone". One of Mr Felman’s clients, a fraudster called Sholam Weiss, was sentenced to 845 years. "I got it reduced to 835," sighs Mr Felman. Faced with such penalties, he says, the incentive to co-operate, which means to say things that are helpful to the prosecution, is overwhelming. And this, he believes, "warps the truth-seeking function" of justice.

Innocent defendants may plead guilty in return for a shorter sentence to avoid the risk of a much longer one. A prosecutor can credibly threaten a middle-aged man that he will die in a cell unless he gives evidence against his boss. This is unfair, complains Harvey Silverglate, the author of "Three Felonies a Day: How the Feds Target the Innocent". If a defence lawyer offers a witness money to testify that his client is innocent, that is bribery. But a prosecutor can legally offer something of far greater value-his freedom-to a witness who says the opposite. The potential for wrongful convictions is obvious.

Badly drafted laws create traps for the unwary. In 2006 Georgia Thompson, a civil servant in Wisconsin, was sentenced to 18 months in prison for depriving the public of "the intangible right of honest services". Her crime was to award a contract (for travel services) to the best bidder. A firm called Adelman Travel scored the most points (on an official scale) for price and quality, so Ms Thompson picked it. She ignored a rule that required her to penalise Adelman for a slapdash presentation when bidding. For this act of common sense, she served four months. (An appeals court freed her.)

The "honest services" statute, if taken seriously, "would seemingly cover a salaried employee’s phoning in sick to go to a ball game," fumes Antonin Scalia, a Supreme Court justice. The Supreme Court ruled recently that the statute was so vague as to be unconstitutional. It did not strike it down completely, but said it should be applied only in cases involving bribery or kickbacks. The challenge was brought by Enron’s former boss, Jeff Skilling, who will not go free despite his victory, and Conrad Black, a media magnate released this week on bail pending an appeal, who may.

There are over 4,000 federal crimes, and many times that number of regulations that carry criminal penalties. When analysts at the Congressional Research Service tried to count the number of separate offences on the books, they were forced to give up, exhausted. Rules concerning corporate governance or the environment are often impossible to understand, yet breaking them can land you in prison. In many criminal cases, the common-law requirement that a defendant must have a mens rea (ie, he must or should know that he is doing wrong) has been weakened or erased.

"The founders viewed the criminal sanction as a last resort, reserved for serious offences, clearly defined, so ordinary citizens would know whether they were violating the law. Yet over the last 40 years, an unholy alliance of big-business-hating liberals and tough-on-crime conservatives has made criminalisation the first line of attack-a way to demonstrate seriousness about the social problem of the month, whether it’s corporate scandals or e-mail spam," writes Gene Healy, a libertarian scholar. "You can serve federal time for interstate transport of water hyacinths, trafficking in unlicensed dentures, or misappropriating the likeness of Woodsy Owl."

"You’re (probably) a federal criminal," declares Alex Kozinski, an appeals-court judge, in a provocative essay of that title. Making a false statement to a federal official is an offence. So is lying to someone who then repeats your lie to a federal official. Failing to prevent your employees from breaking regulations you have never heard of can be a crime. A boss got six months in prison because one of his workers accidentally broke a pipe, causing oil to spill into a river. "It didn’t matter that he had no reason to learn about the [Clean Water Act’s] labyrinth of regulations, since he was merely a railroad-construction supervisor," laments Judge Kozinski.

Society wants retribution

Such cases account for only a tiny share of the Americans behind bars, but they still matter. When so many people are technically breaking the law, it is up to prosecutors to decide whom to pursue. No doubt most prosecutors choose wisely. But members of unpopular groups may not find that reassuring. Ms Thompson, for example, was prosecuted just before an election, at a time when allegations of public corruption in Wisconsin were in the news. Some prosecutors, such as Eliot Spitzer, the disgraced ex-governor of New York, have built political careers by nailing people whom voters don’t like, such as financiers.

Prison deters? Not much, not the worst

Some people argue that the system works: that crime has fallen in the past two decades because the bad guys are either in prison or scared of being sent there. Caged thugs cannot break into your home. Bernie Madoff’s 150-year sentence for running a Ponzi scam should deter imitators. And indeed the crime rate continues to drop, despite the recession, as Michael Rushford of the Criminal Justice Legal Foundation, an advocacy group, points out. This, he says, is because habitual criminals face serious consequences. Some research supports him: after raking through decades of historical data, John Donohue of Yale Law School estimates that a 10% increase in imprisonment brings a 2% reduction in crime.

Others disagree. Using more recent data, Bert Useem of Purdue University and Anne Piehl of Rutgers University estimate that a 10% increase in the number of people behind bars would reduce crime by only 0.5%. In the states that currently lock up the most people, imprisoning more would actually increase crime, they believe. Some inmates emerge from prison as more accomplished criminals. And raising the incarceration rate means locking up people who are, on average, less dangerous than the ones already behind bars. A recent study found that, over the past 13 years, the proportion of new prisoners in Florida who had committed violent crimes fell by 28%, whereas those inside for "other" crimes shot up by 189%. These "other" crimes were non-violent ones involving neither drugs nor theft, such as driving with a suspended licence.

And now the reckoning, in dollars

Crime is a young man’s game. Muggers over 30 are rare. Ex-cons who go straight for a few years generally stay that way: a study of 88,000 criminals by Mr Blumstein found that if someone was arrested for aggravated assault at the age of 18 but then managed to stay out of trouble until the age of 22, the risk of his offending was no greater than that for the general population. Yet America’s prisons are crammed with old folk. Nearly 200,000 prisoners are over 50. Most would pose little threat if released. And since people age faster in prison than outside, their medical costs are vast. Human Rights Watch, a lobby-group, talks of "nursing homes with razor wire".

Jail is expensive. Spending per prisoner ranges from $18,000 a year in Mississippi to about $50,000 in California, where the cost per pupil is but a seventh of that. "[W]e are well past the point of diminishing returns," says a report by the Pew Center on the States. In Washington state, for example, each dollar invested in new prison places in 1980 averted more than nine dollars of criminal harm (using a somewhat arbitrary scale to assign a value to not being beaten up). By 2001, as the emphasis shifted from violent criminals to drug-dealers and thieves, the cost-benefit ratio reversed. Each new dollar spent on prisons averted only 37 cents’ worth of harm.

Since the recession threw their budgets into turmoil, many states have decided to imprison fewer people, largely to save money. Mississippi has reduced the proportion of their sentences that non-violent offenders are required to serve from 85% to 25%. Texas is making greater use of non-custodial penalties. New York has repealed most mandatory minimum terms for drug offences. In all, the number of prisoners in state lock-ups fell by 0.3% in 2009, the first fall since 1972. But the total number of Americans behind bars still rose slightly, because the number of federal prisoners climbed by 3.4%.

A less punitive system could work better, argues Mark Kleiman of the University of California, Los Angeles. Swift and certain penalties deter more than harsh ones. Money spent on prisons cannot be spent on more cost-effective methods of crime-prevention, such as better policing, drug treatment or probation. The pain that punishment inflicts on criminals themselves, on their families and on their communities should also be taken into account.

"Just by making effective use of things we already know how to do, we could reasonably expect to have half as much crime and half as many people behind bars ten years from now," says Mr Kleiman. "There are a thousand excuses for failing to make that effort, but not one good reason."

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See related:

Clifford Thornton War on Drugs

Questions On Controlled Choice Schools Wake County Public Schools Saga

Immediate Release

28 July 2010

Contact: Rev. Dr. William J. Barber, II, President, 919-394-8137

Mrs. Amina J. Turner, Exec Dir, 919-682-4700

Mr. Al McSurely, Esq., Communications Chair, 919-389-2905


By Rev. Dr. William J. Barber, II, President. NC NAACP

For more than 101 years, the NAACP has been committed to the diversity of ideas. We believe our society is stronger when we see diversity as a strength, not a weakness; not something to oppose, but something to be embraced.

The NAACP’s objectives have been and remain: high-quality, diverse, constitutional schools for all our children; smaller classes; better-trained, better-supported teachers; equitable funding for all schools; a renewed emphasis on math, science, reading and history; greater parental involvement; and a rejuvenated commitment to closing gaps in suspensions, graduation rates, and student achievement.  The NAACP is pleased to talk with anyone about how we might move toward these objectives.

Thus we welcome Mr. Michael Alves here today, and we have come to listen. As we listen, the questions we have can be summarized as:

1. How might "controlled choice" improve Wake County Schools in light of the fact that it already operate with a under a socio-economic diversity and student achievement plan that has received national acclaim and positive review by educational experts?

2. What will a "controlled choice" plan do to achieve high-quality, constitutional, diverse education for all children?

3. Where has "controlled choice" been more successful than Wake County’s renowned socio-economic diversity plan? 

4. Are there any examples of how “controlled choice” has worked to achieve the aforementioned goals particularly in the South?

5. Would it have been possible to implement some of the strengths of “controlled choice” without dismantling the commitments of the socio-economic diversity program that Wake County progressive Educational leaders have operated with proven, data-based success for many years?

Tune in to On The Record WRAL TV Segment On Wake County Public Schools Diversity and Controlled Choice Saga

See the interview with Michael Alves who was in town this week to do a presentation about controlled choice schools.

See related:

Wake County Public Schools

Party leaders weigh in – Source: The Wilson Daily Times

Before heading off to the state Democratic Party Convention this weekend, an icon in the Wilson County Democratic Party, former Gov. Jim Hunt, said the party is sound and in good shape from Wilson County, to the state and all the way to Washington.

Hunt made his comments one day after Gwen Wilkins, chairwoman of the 1st Congressional District of the N.C. Democratic Party, asked Wilson County Democratic Chair Chris Boykin to resign. Wilkins cited lack of support for Wilson’s Democratic nominee for sheriff, Calvin Woodard. (Read more @ The Wilson Daily Times)

Note: Didn’t realize Boykin worked with the Sheriff Department. I can sympathize his position however what I can’t understand is why he did not resign as soon as Farmer was officially in the race. This is a tough situation having to openly support a candidate for Sheriff especially when this is your place of employment. So I say just resign and move on. C. Dancy II – DCN Publisher

See related:

Calvin Woodard Sheriff Elect

Resignation demanded, Sheriff’s race takes another strange turn – Source: The Wilson Daily Times

Wilson County Democratic Sheriff’s candidate Calvin Woodard got some long-awaited support from the Democratic Party Thursday evening.

Gwen Wilkins, chairwoman of the 1st Congressional District of the N.C. Democratic Party, traveled to Wilson County to give Woodard a check for $250, and to tell him that the party is supporting him.

She also revealed Thursday she’s asked for the resignation of Chris Boykin, Wilson County’s Democratic Party chairman, saying as chairman he’s not supporting the Democratic nominee for sheriff. Boykin didn’t return numerous phone messages seeking comment. (Read more @ The Wilson Daily Times)

Note: This is interesting. Don’t Boykin know that the thing to do is to step down. So why is it feels he can be the chair but not support Calvin Woodard. So is it he do not want to see a black man become Sheriff or is it to cover up corruption that so many speak of. I don’t know I am just asking. C. Dancy II – DCN Publisher

See related:

Calvin Woodard Sheriff Elect

OUR VIEW: Birmingham superintendent has to convince his school board, not the AEA, that job cuts are necessary – The Birmingham Times

Many changes must be made in the structure and operation of Birmingham City Schools if there is any hope of turning around the school system’s finances and reputation.

With chronic financial problems, made worse by a continuing decline in student enrollment, more city schools will have to be closed or consolidated. The school system’s outrageous legal costs must be slashed. And with so much of the school system’s budget tied up in personnel costs, jobs have to be eliminated, too. Those are the facts. (Read more @ The Birmingham Times)

Note: Dr. Witherspoon do what you feel is best. It is sad when the board is not listening to the head when he is trying to do what he feel is the best thing for the children. He did some of the same here in Edgecombe County Tarboro NC and the people got mad as hell. But look at the system today, it is more financially stable than it has been in many, many years. The auditor commended Dr. Witherspoon for his great work with the finances and said she had not seen other Superintendents do what he did because he was passionate about the money.

Dr. Witherspoon continue to do what is right because you know that it is about the children and not the adults who are afraid of change especially when they are part of the change. C. Dancy II – DCN Publisher

See related:

Dr. Craig Witherspoon

Shirley Sherrod to Sue Blogger Andrew Breitbart Over Edited Video

Shirley Sherrod, the fired and subsequently vindicated Department of Agriculture employee, said today she will sue the conservative blogger who posted edited video on the Internet last week that made her appear racist. (Read more @ ABC News)

See related:

Shirley Sherrod

Princeville mayor fires housing board – Source: The Daily Southerner

See related:

Princeville NC

PRINCEVILLE — Following individual hearings last week, Mayor Priscilla Everette-Oates replaced the entire board of commissioners for the Princeville Housing Authority this week. (Read more @ The Daily Southerner)

Note: Again it is all the mayors. This is not going away until no previous mayors are elected to serve the people of Princeville. It is time for someone else to become mayor so that the focus will not be on or about the current and the former mayor. It is sad that it appears it is only about undoing what the previous mayors has done. However if the undoing is a good thing then I have no problem with it but if it is undoing just to be undoing that is not good. C. Dancy II – DCN Publisher

See related:

Princeville NC

Ex-cadet turns scandal into sermon – Source: The Rocky Mount Telegram

An ex-police cadet who filed a complaint with the city alleging she had an affair with Rocky Mount Police Chief John Manley is giving her first sermon Sunday. Shirley Moore said she will make a public apology to Manley and his wife as well as explain how she has turned her life over to God in the two years since the claims. (Read more @ The Rocky Mount Telegram)


Education is ‘civil-rights issue of our generation,’ cabinet official tells NAACP

Calling education "the civil rights issue of our generation," U.S. Education Secretary Arne Duncan recently issued a national challenge for whole communities to get involved in improving public education. "The only way to achieve equality in society is to achieve it in the classroom," Duncan told NAACP delegates meeting in Kansas City for the group’s annual convention. (Read more @ National Alliance of Black School Educators)

Rural School Districts Headed by African American Superintendents Hit Hard by Number Weighting

Ninety-three high-poverty rural school districts headed by African-American superintendents received almost $8.2 million less Title I funding in school year 2008-09 than they would have received if the formula for distributing these funds did not contain a provision that favors large districts over small districts. (Read more @ Forumula Fairness Campaign)

Greenville City Councilwoman Kandie Smith Speaks – Source: WITN

Her comments came during the Southern Christian Leadership Conference meeting in Greenville. The group was meeting to address the controversy inside the organization involving its stance calling for the Greenville police chief to resign. (Watch video @ WITN)

See related:

Greenville City Councilwoman Kandie Smith Arrested


News from NC Senator Don Davis

N.C. District 5 Newsletter

"Serving the People of North Carolina"

Vol. 2/No. 7
July 2010

Don Davis
Don Davis

Mailing Address:

300 N. Salisbury St, 525

Raleigh, NC 27603-5925

(919) 733-5621



Pitt, Wayne, and Greene



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State and Local Government



Select Committee on Economic Recovery

Select Committee on Energy, Science, and Technology

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Bills Introduced

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:: 919-733-5621

NC Seal

Short Session adjourns

After over 19 hours of work, the 2010 short session adjourned around 5:30 am on July 10, 2010. A few highlights from the session are included in this edition of the District 5 newsletter. As always, thank you for reading.    

                                         Truly yours,

Don Davis

State Budget passed

The North Carolina General Assembly passed the state’s budget and Governor Perdue signed it into law.  The budget preserves jobs, protects the classroom, and provides assistance to small businesses.  A few budget highlights include:

  *  Fully funding community college enrollment growth

  *  Eliminating proposed cuts to assistant principals

  *  Tax credits to help our small businesses

  *  Eliminating Medicaid fraud and abuse to save over $40 million

To review the final budget bill, please click here

Honor and Remember flag adopted

Honor and Remember

Recently, the North Carolina Senate and House passed a bill adopting the Honor and Remember flag as a state symbol in honor of our fallen military service members killed in the line of duty.

2010 Bills update

I sponsored or offered key amendments to the following bills and laws.  Please click on the session law or bill number to review.

S.L. 2010-76 

(SB 1445) Goldsboro-Wayne Airport Authority/Changes, An Act Authorizing the City of Goldsboro to Convey by Private Negotiation and Sale Its Right, Title, and Interest in the Goldsboro-Wayne Municipal Airport to Wayne County. 

S.L. 2010-22 

(SB 992) Clarify Pyrotechnics Operator License, An Act to Clarify the Pyrotechnics Training and Permitting Act.

S.L. 2010-82 

(HB 1893) W-S/Ashe Fox Trapping/Greene Hunting, An Act to Establish a Season for Taking Foxes by Trapping with Cage Traps in Winston-Salem; To Amend the Law Authorizing the Trapping and Sale of Foxes in Ashe County and to Remove the Sunset on That Law: And to Repeal and Amend Certain Local Acts with Respect to Hunting in Greene County.

(SB 1246) Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate, An Act to Direct the State Board Of Education to Establish Short-Term Annual Goals to Improve the Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate, and Establish a Long-Term Goal of Increasing the Rate Statewide.  

(SB 1248) Early Ident. & Interv. For At-Risk Students, An Act to Require Local Administrative Units to Identify Students at Risk of Academic Failure and not Successfully Progressing Toward Graduation No Later Than Fourth Grade, and to Provide Personal Education Plans for Those Students.

(SB 1400) No Foreclosure/Soldiers on Active Duty/Funds, An Act to Prohibit Foreclosures on Mortgagors and Trustors on Active Military Duty. 

(HB 76) Honor Wishes Of Members Military/Remains, An Act to Allow a Member of the Military to Designate the Type,
Place, and Method of Disposition of the Individual’s Remains and to Adopt the Honor and Remember Flag to Honor and Recognize Fallen Members of the Armed Forces. 

(SB 1337) UST Operating Program, An Act to Require Training of Operators of Underground Storage Tanks (UST) in Order to Comply With a Requirement of the Federal Energy Policy Act of 2005.

For a complete list of bills that I sponsored or cosponsored, please click here

Recent visits

Pitt County, The Eppes High School Alumni parade and groundbreaking ceremony were great.  The Cub Scouts of Ayden hosted a Blue and Gold banquet, which I served as the guest speaker. Koinonia Christian Center hosted a great walk for seizure disorders. I celebrated with students and families at the D.H. Conley and Ayden-Grifton High School graduations. 

Wayne County,  There was much fun with students and staff at the Dillard Academy Family Fun Day.  I attended a Wayne County Autism Society meeting and MSgt Thomas Hines’ retirement

ceremony.  I was extremly proud of our graduates and celebrated at the Goldsboro, Eastern Wayne, and Southern Wayne High School graduation ceremonies.  

Greene County, I was honored to present the David Plummer Award at the Greene Central High School scholarship awards night.  I also attended the Greene County Middle School Awards Day and the open house of the American Prawn new processing facility. 4-H’ers and I discussed the importance of our state 


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NC Senator Don Davis | 300 N. Salisbury Street, 525 | Raleigh | NC | 27603